I am a barney student from Boston, that currently is on 10 days vaccation in Skane. I saw this article about beach walks --http://www.svd.se/resor/till-fots-genom-skane_6308666.svd and since it is so rare that you have full beach access in USA, I just want to make sure that i don't violate any private beaches in Skane. If this is public beaches would that be consider to be part of Allemansratt?
I would assume this question definitely falls under "allemansratt". My family has a summer cabin right on the water at a lake near Värnamo, and there are always different people and tourists sitting on our dock or on the water side. Most Swedes' are pretty laid back about this aspect.
My advice is, if there is a fence, respect it. Otherwise you should be fine to go ahead! If you ever get mixed up in any confusion, just explain that you are American and had only heard about allemansratt but did not know all of the specifics about it. Most are sympathetic to foreigners.
From the Wikipedia article, under the Sweden section: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_to_roam "Allemansrätten gives a person the right to access, walk, cycle, ride, ski, and camp on any land—with the exception of private gardens, the immediate vicinity of a dwelling house and land under cultivation. Restrictions apply for nature reserves and other protected areas. It also gives the right to pick wild flowers, mushrooms and berries (provided one knows they are not legally protected), but not to hunt in any way. Swimming in any lake and putting an unpowered boat on any water is permitted unless explicitly forbidden. Visiting beaches and walking by a shoreline is permitted, providing it is not a part of a garden or within the immediate vicinity of a residence (legally defined as the hemfridszon). According to legal practice this is between 100 to 300 metres from a dwelling house. To better protect access to water and the right to walk along beaches, it is since 1975 generally not permitted to build a new house near (generally 100 m) from a beach and/or shoreline."
Where I come from on the east coast, most beaches are private since the owner has bought the "water and beach access" but I guess if people can walk at the beaches I guess cities or other planning authorities in southern Sweden keep the beaches open for the public.
Thanks for the reference to the Allemansratt. I see that there are some restrictions about entering in to someonce private plot without permission. I look forward to my beach walk in Skane and I guess I will use common sense and not enter in to someonce private space if there might be a fence round it or if I can see their house from the fence.
What legal responsibility does the owner of the land have in case I hurt myself on their land?
I understand in the United States there is much more "ownership" to things (less of a "ours" mentality than Sweden). So definitely enjoy the public access on your visit!
With regards to EXACTLY where you can go, common sense is the best rule to follow. Don't be rude, just be polite; clean up after yourself, don't destroy gardens or farmland, and don't invade anyone personal space (ie 100 meters around a private house) etc.
With regards to legal responsibility, the owner of the land you are on doesn't really have any whatsoever (especially since most property you will be on will be publicaly owned). Also, there is a public, socialized health care system in Sweden, meaning basically all medical expenses are covered for by the state (there is often a copay, but pretty minimal). I'm not sure how this works for tourists, and it might be a good idea to look into travelers insurance from the US before you leave. When in doubt, wikipedia can be a good place to start looking! http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Healthcare_in_Sweden (although there isn't any reference to what the situation is for for tourists) Suggerisci modifica